Iceland, officially the Republic of Iceland (Icelandic: Ísland or Lýðveldið Ísland; IPA: [ˈliðvɛltɪð ˈistlant]) is a country of northwestern Europe, comprising the island of Iceland and its outlying islets in the North Atlantic Ocean between the rest of Europe and Greenland. As of April 2007, it had an approximate population of 310,000. Its capital and largest city is Reykjavík.
Due to its location on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Iceland is volcanically and geologically active on a large scale; this identifies the landscape in various ways. The interior mainly consists of a plateau characterized by sand fields, mountains and glaciers, while many big glacial rivers stream to the sea through the lowlands. Due to the Gulf Stream, Iceland has a temperate climate relative to its latitude, which provides a habitable environment and nature.
Iceland has a history of habitation since about the year 874 when, according to Landnámabók, the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfur Arnarson became the first permanent Norwegian settler on the island. Others had visited the island earlier and stayed over winter. Over the next centuries, people of Nordic and Gaelic origin settled in Iceland. Until the twentieth century, the Icelandic population relied on fisheries and agriculture, and was from 1262 to 1944 a part of the Norwegian and later the Danish monarchies. In the twentieth century, Iceland's economy and welfare system developed quickly.
Today, Iceland is a developed country, the world's fifth in terms of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and second in human development. It is based upon a free market economy where service, finance, fishing and various industries are the main sectors. Tourism is popular, as many people are attracted to Iceland's exotic scenery. Iceland is a member of the UN, NATO, EFTA, EEA and OECD, but not of the European Union.
Air Iceland or Flugfélag Íslands is a regional airline based in Reykjavík, Iceland. It operates scheduled services to domestic destinations and to Greenland and the Faroe Islands. Its main bases are Reykjavík Airport and Akureyri Airport. It is a subsidiary of Icelandair Group.
Icelandair is the flag carrier airline of Iceland, based in Reykjavík. It is part of the Icelandair Group and operates services to 22 cities in 12 countries on both sides of the Atlantic. Its main base is Keflavík International Airport. Source: wikipedia.org
Iceland Express is a low-fare airline based in Reykjavík, Iceland. It operates services to 14 destinations in Europe using leased aircraft. Its main base is Keflavík International Airport. Source: wikipedia.org